World View: Darfur Fighting Spreads as Janjaweed Militias Spin Out of Control
This morning's key headlines from GenerationalDynamics.com
- Al-Qaeda takes credit for Iraq's unraveling security chaos
- Siege of Egypt's pro-Morsi supporters may begin on Monday
- Palestinians accuse Israel of sabotaging 'peace process'
- Darfur fighting spreads as Janjaweed militias spin out of control
Al-Qaeda takes credit for Iraq's unraveling security chaos
Remains of Baghdad cafe after being struck by one of a dozen car bombs on Saturday (AFP)
Al-Qaeda in Iraq, which has recently changed its name to the Islamic
State of Iraq and the Levant (referring to Syria), is taking credit
for a series of car bombs in mainly Shia areas of Baghdad on Saturday
that killed 90 people and wounded hundreds. Attacks have increased in
every month since the withdrawal of American troops in December 2011,
alongside the increasing strength of al-Qaeda linked Jabhat al-Nusra
in Syria. More than 1,000 Iraqis were killed in bombings and
shootings in July, making it the deadliest month since violence
between Sunni and Shia Muslims peaked prior to President Bush's
military "surge", in conjunction with the Anbar Awakening that drove
out al-Qaeda in Iraq. These new attacks come just weeks after
al-Qaeda in Iraq succeeded through an assault on Abu Ghraib prison to
free hundreds of prisoners, including leading al-Qaeda fighters.
The following is my transcription of a BBC interview with BBC Arabic
correspondent Murad al-Shishani on Sunday:
"Al-Qaeda in Iraq [AQIR] have been increasing their
attacks every month since the withdrawal of the Americans. We're
expecting a statement from AQIR bragging about this
accomplishment. Since the 2007 Anbar Awakening, AQIR has been
losing influence, but with the crisis in Syria, AQIR has been
given geographic spaces and a recruitment pool. The increases in
attacks in Iraq mean that they have logistic support and manpower
support coming from Syria, from their counterpart jihadist groups.
From Anbar in the western part of Iraq, up to the northwestern
part of Syria in Aleppo, there's a sort of strip there of
ungoverned space that al-Qaeda is working there. AQIR recently
changed name to Islamic State of Iraq and Levant. This geographic
space gives them a recruitment pool, and gives them a strategic
space to hide in and prepare for attacks, as well as to receive
support from the Sunni communities there, on either side of the
Al-Jazeera and Washington Times
Siege of Egypt's pro-Morsi supporters may begin on Monday
Media reports from several sources say that Egypt's security forces
will begin dispersal of thousands of pro-Morsi supporters on Monday
morning. The plan for the initial phase, according to unconfirmed
sources, is a siege, where security forces block all entrances to the
protest areas, allowing people out, but not allowing them back in, nor
allowing any food or other supplies in. There have been massive
protests and sit-ins every day since president Mohamed Morsi was
ousted by the army, and held in detention at an unknown location. The
protesters are demanding that Morsi be freed and returned to the
presidency, and that his Muslim Brotherhood party be returned to
power. Al-Ahram (Cairo)
Palestinians accuse Israel of sabotaging 'peace process'
With Israeli / Palestinian "peace process" negotiations set to resume
on Wednesday, Palestinian negotiators Saeb Erekat and Muhammad
Shtayyeh accused Israel of aiming to sabotage the talks by announcing
plans to build 1,200 more settlement apartments in Jerusalem and in
regions of the West Bank that Israel captured in the 1967 war.
According to Shtayyeh:
"It is clear that the Israeli government is
deliberately attempting to sabotage US and International efforts
to resume negotiations by approving more settlement units three
days before the first Palestinian – Israeli meeting.
Israel continues to use peace negotiations as a smoke screen for
more settlement construction. The Israeli government is showing
the world that the only way to achieve piece is justice, meaning
end of Israel’s impunity.
Israel has been claiming that they want negotiations without
‘conditions,’ but on the ground is clear that they are the only
ones imposing conditions: to negotiate with settlement
construction, creating new conditions on the ground in order to
pre-empt the result of any negotiations.
We call upon the United States and the rest of the international
community to hold Israel accountable in order to give a chance for
However, Israel says that the new settlements do not have effect on
the peace talks, because they're all in places which, according to
previous agreements, will remain part of Israel. According to Israeli
spokesman Mark Regev:
"[The construction] in no way changes the final map of
The construction decided upon in Jerusalem and in the settlement
blocs is in areas that will remain part of Israel in any possible
On Tuesday, Israel will release the first 26 of the 104 prisoners, all
of whom are jailed for terrorist acts committed prior to the 1994
peace talks. Israel has promised to release all 104 over nine months,
provided that the "peace process" negotiations continue. Some
Palestinians are referring to those terms as "blackmail," since they
prevent the Palestinians from walking out of the negotiations before
the nine months are up. Jerusalem Post and BBC
Darfur fighting spreads as Janjaweed militias spin out of control
There are 1.4 million people in Darfur refugee camps
Warfare between the Arab Maaliya and Rezeigat tribes in the Darfur
region of Sudan has been spreading, with hundreds of people killed in
recent weeks. There were 1.4 million people living in refugee camps
at the beginning of 2013, and an estimated 300,000 people have been
displaced from their homes so far in this year's surge of violence.
Two other Arab tribes, the Misseriya and Salamat, announced a
ceasefire two weeks ago after more than 200 people had been killed.
The mainstream press keeps describing the Darfur war as having begun
in 2003, and that's complete nonsense.
Darfur's civil war began as low-level violence in the 1970s as a
fairly standard conflict between farmers and herders. What always
happens is that the herders' animals trample on the farmers' crops,
and then the farmers build fences to block the herders' animals. The
violence worsened over the years, and the conflict transitioned to a
generational crisis war in 2003, with the light-skinned "Arab"
Janjaweed militia herders slaughtering the dark-skinned "non-Arab"
farmers. That's when the United Nations "discovered" Darfur, and
launched a donation-based program to protect the farmers from the
herders. So the farmers were moved into huge refugee tent camps where
they became entirely dependent on aid and donations from foreign
For a detailed generational analysis of the war in Darfur, as well as
a chuckle or two, see "Ban Ki Moon blames Darfur genocide on global warming" from 2007.
The financial crisis has reduced donations, and starvation is
widespread in the Darfur refugee camps. Furthermore, Sudan's
government is refusing to renew permits for some of the United
Nations' international humanitarian staff in Darfur. And now, the
fighting between the "Arab" tribes indicates that Khartoum is losing
control of the Janjaweed militias.
As I've been writing for years, a generational crisis war is an
elemental force of nature, and has to reach a climax. At some point,
the Janjaweed militias will return to finish the job, slaughtering the
"non-Arab" refugees like fish in a barrel. That will finally end the
Darfur war. AFP
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