By a vote of 14-6 judicial activism was born in the US Senate
To be fair the house helped. I'm not against the Supreme Court. I think it is a good institution overall. There have been too many instances of activism on both the right and the left.
Best interest of the nation is a tricky place to operate. In the end it is the integrity of the judges that is key. Because they are human, some with agendas, how about term limits (25 years) and guaranteed retirement packages? May not cure all but helps to remove some of the incentives to do wrong.
The Judiciary Act of 1789, officially titled "An Act to Establish the Judicial Courts of the United States," was signed into law by President George Washington on September 24, 1789. Article III of the Constitution established a Supreme Court, but left to Congress the authority to create lower federal courts as needed. Principally authored by Senator Oliver Ellsworth of Connecticut, the Judiciary Act of 1789 established the structure and jurisdiction of the federal court system and created the position of attorney general. Although amended throughout the years by Congress, the basic outline of the federal court system established by the First Congress remains largely intact today.