By SCOTT BAUER
The passions that fueled a fight lasting more than a year over union rights and Wisconsin’s cash-strapped budget brought voters out in strong numbers Tuesday to decide whether to recall Gov. Scott Walker.
The first-term Republican was back on the ballot just a year and a half after his election. Enraged Democrats and labor activists gathered more than 900,000 signatures in support of the recall after they failed to stop Walker and his GOP allies in the state Legislature from stripping most public employees of their union right to collectively bargain.
Walker faced a rematch with Democratic Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett, who he beat in 2010 by nearly 6 percentage points, as he tries to become the first U.S. governor to successfully fend off a recall.
The recall effort began bubbling last year, shortly after the former Milwaukee County executive successfully pushed through the union rights proposal that also requires most state workers to pay more for health insurance and pension benefits.
Barrett meanwhile applauded the voters for turning out in force and for being prepared to wait a while to cast their ballots.
Turnout is key, and was strong across the state. There were lines at multiple polling places, but no problems were reported. Turnout was on pace to meet predictions of 65 percent of eligible votes, said Reid Magney, spokesman for the state Government Accountability Board. That type of turnout is more typically seen in a presidential race.
Naunheim called the recall a waste of time and money, but Barrett supporter Lisa Switzter of Sun Prairie said even if the recall doesn’t go Barrett’s way, “it proves a point.”
Preliminary exit poll results conducted Tuesday for The Associated Press suggest the public’s views on the changes made to collective bargaining laws are deeply entrenched. About three quarters either strongly approve or strongly disapprove of the changes to collective bargaining for government workers. Overall voters were about evenly divided on the question, with about half approving and half disapproving of those changes.
And most voters made up their mind about whom to support before the final ballots were even set. About 9 in 10 in early exit polling said they decided who to vote for before May.
Both sides hoped for strong support from their bases: Madison and Milwaukee for Democrats, suburban Milwaukee counties and in the Fox Valley around Green Bay for Republicans. Other more divided parts of the state, like along the western border and south of Milwaukee in the Racine area, could determine the race.
Walker stands in unique company: He is only the third governor in U.S. history to face a recall vote. The other two lost, most recently California Gov. Gray Davis in 2003.
Walker, the 44-year-old son of a minister, has remained unflappable throughout the campaign. Along the way, he’s become a star among Republicans and the most successful fundraiser in Wisconsin politics, collecting at least $31 million from around the country since taking office. That obliterated his fundraising record of $11 million from 2010.
Walker and Republicans outspent Barrett and Democrats $47 million to $19 million, based on the most recent tally by the government watchdog group the Wisconsin Democracy Campaign.
The governor wasn’t the only politician up for recall. His lieutenant governor, Rebecca Kleefisch, and three Republican state senators also faced votes, and a fourth state Senate seat will be determined after the Republican incumbent resigned rather than face the recall.
Tuesday’s vote also will have implications for labor unions and the presidential election in November. Unions have a lot at stake because they pushed so hard to force a recall.
Implications for the presidential race were less clear, but President Obama did not campaign for Barrett. Instead, the president weighed in on the recall through social media, tweeting his support for Barrett while his campaign emailed supporters Tuesday urging them to support the Milwaukee mayor. But the White House cautioned against drawing any national conclusions from the recall’s outcome.
Republicans are hopeful a Walker victory would pave the way for Mitt Romney to win Wisconsin, making him the first GOP candidate to carry the state since Ronald Reagan in 1984. If Walker loses, most agree Obama will have an edge. Either way, the state is likely to remain in play.
Associated Press writers Gretchen Ehlke and Marilynn Marchione in Milwaukee, Todd Richmond in Sun Prairie, Carrie Antlfinger in St. Francis and Jennifer Agiesta in Washington contributed to this report.