Within the archives of the Communist Party USA at NYU is the transcript of a 1988 interview conducted with Howard Johnson, who had been one of the leading communists in Harlem during the Great Depression.
As I wrote in Forbes earlier this year, what he told the interviewer is quite revealing:
Howard Johnson continued, eventually bringing the conversation to Detroit, and to Detroit’s mayor, Coleman Young: “When UNAVA was formed, I was elected national vice-commander in charge of education, which fit my training, and the other national vice-commander was Coleman Young, who was national vice-commander in charge of labor. Because at that time he was a steward in the auto workers union and [a] very prominent trade unionist in Detroit. Coleman and I were very good friends…. I never anticipated he would be a bourgeois mayor of Detroit. But Coleman’s a great guy, nevertheless. But I think that it was his party training that (helped) him to move forward as he did.” (Emphasis added.)
Coleman Young, the mayor of Detroit from 1974 to 1993, was able to “move forward as he did” thanks in part to training he got from the “party”–that is, the Communist Party. Young was, in fact, a secret member of Communist Party USA, as shown by several sources, including Cold War historians Ron Radosh, John Earl Haynes, and Harvey Klehr. Young had a woeful impact on Detroit. If there is any wonder why Detroit often resembles an Eastern Bloc municipality (minus the police state, since Mayor Young made it a routine to attack and neglect the city’s police forces, ensuring that the 1967 riots picked up where they left off), consider that for 19 years the mayor who ran the city economically and socially was a closet Marxist. Carl Levin, senator from Michigan, was Young’s right-hand man as Detroit City Council president during the most destructive years of Young’s reign.
Senator Carl Levin (D-MI), by the way, pressured the IRS to become a miniature KGB. (He is pictured above with Coleman Young at Young’s 1974 inauguration) But getting back to Detroit:
The auto industry had been fully unionized ever since Walter Reuther (then a member of the Communist Party) led the 1936-’37 GM Flint strike, thanks to the Wagner Act prohibiting firing of striking workers. On the other hand, Japanese auto companies such as Nissan, which outmaneuvered an attempted union takeover in 1953, were able to adapt quickly to demand. The UAW stubbornly held on to the practices of a bygone era, where World War II had reduced their international competitors to rubble and American auto manufacturing stood largely unopposed.
There were remedies. In February 1979, President Jimmy Carter actually offered some good advice. He told a group of governors at a White House state dinner: “Governors, go to Japan. Persuade them to make here what they sell here.” Lamar Alexander, then governor of Tennessee, did just that. He explained to Nissan executives who were deciding where to put their first U.S. manufacturing plant what was unique about Tennessee: it had a right-to-work law. As Alexander wrote in the Wall Street Journal: “In 1980 Nissan chose Tennessee, a state with almost no auto jobs. Today auto assembly plants and suppliers provide one-third of our state’s manufacturing jobs. Tennessee is the home for production of the Leaf, Nissan’s all-electric vehicle, and the batteries that power it. Recently Nissan announced that 85 percent of the cars and trucks it sells in the U.S. will be made in the U.S.– making it one of the largest ‘American’ auto companies and nearly fulfilling Mr. Carter’s request of 30 years ago.”
This is the very same right-to-work law that Carl Levin and the rest of Michigan’s radical-left ruling class oppose.
The residents of Detroit continually gave power to the Reds–and now they are in the Red. They can’t say they weren’t warned.