By COREY WILLIAMS
Banks, bond insurers, employee pension systems and others standing to lose big if a federal judge declares Detroit insolvent are expected to legally file their objections to the largest municipal bankruptcy in U.S. history.
Monday is the deadline for creditors to file eligibility objections to Detroit’s bankruptcy petition _ marking the beginning of legal challenges for those hoping to recoup all or most of what Detroit owes them.
The deadline is just one of several steps that could lead to federal Judge Steven Rhodes allowing Detroit into bankruptcy protection while it restructures. Conversely, it also could spell disaster for the struggling city if its petition is denied, allowing creditors to sue Detroit if it defaults on payments, said bankruptcy expert Doug Bernstein.
State-appointed emergency manager Kevyn Orr filed for bankruptcy July 18. He claims the city has at least $18 billion in liabilities, from underfunded pensions and health care costs to bonds that lack city revenue to be paid off.
Orr stopped payment on $2.5 billion in debt in June.
Revenue from property and business taxes continues to lag, while expenses and city service costs swell. Meanwhile, Detroit’s population has dropped by more than one million since the 1950s to just about 700,000 residents.
By filing for bankruptcy, Orr prevented a mad rush by worried creditors who could have sued Detroit to collect their money.
A multi-day hearing on the eligibility question is scheduled to start Oct. 23.
If creditors successfully remove Detroit from bankruptcy protection it “would be nothing less than catastrophic” for the city, he added, and would throw Detroit to the “wolves.”
Without bankruptcy’s protective umbrella “it will be sued and attacked in state court, federal court, from all sides, by every creditor in sight, with uneven and possibly unjust results,” Sabino said. “The wolves _ creditors _ will selfishly rend the city from limb to limb, leaving scraps, if that, to the less powerful.”
Orr, serving an 18-month contract, had threatened bankruptcy as an option when he took the job in March. He met with more than 100 creditor representatives in mid-June, laying out plans that asked many to take 10 cents on the dollar or less.
After getting authorization from Gov. Rick Snyder, Orr filed bankruptcy on Detroit’s behalf just over a month later.
Union leaders and officials with the city’s employee pension systems have said the filing violates the Michigan Constitution, which they believe protects accrued municipal pension benefits. Orr said federal bankruptcy law trumps state law.
A restructuring team representing Detroit’s Police and Fire Retirement System and General Retirement System will file objections by Monday’s deadline, spokesman Bruce Babiarz told The Associated Press on Thursday. He said the group believes the governor’s bankruptcy authorization was unconstitutional.
Bankruptcy filings show the pension systems are the top two unsecured creditors. The city has about 21,000 retired workers who are owed benefits, with underfunded obligations of about $3.5 billion for pensions and $5.7 billion for retiree health coverage.
Several other creditors contacted by The Associated Press, including National Public Finance Guarantee Corp. and BlackRock’s Municipal Bonds Group, declined to comment on whether they would make an objection filing by Monday.
The city has until Sept. 6 to file its responses to any objections by creditors, which number in the thousands and include corporations, large and small companies, and individuals.
But Bernstein said such objections have worked to get some municipal bankruptcy petitions tossed out.
By the end of the year, the city hopes to submit a plan to emerge from bankruptcy.