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Michigan's 2004 Gay Marriage Ban Faces Challenge

Michigan's 2004 Gay Marriage Ban Faces Challenge

By ED WHITE
Associated Press
DETROIT
Two Detroit-area nurses wanted to adopt each other’s children, not rewrite Michigan law on gay marriage. But their lawsuit could end up overturning a 2004 constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage that passed by a landslide.

U.S. District Judge Bernard Friedman may throw out the law Wednesday after hearing arguments in his Detroit courtroom. It was his suggestion that Jayne Rowse and April DeBoer amend their lawsuit last year, an invitation that has gay rights supporters believing marriage may become a reality in Michigan.

Even if Friedman kills the law, he could freeze his decision and allow the state of Michigan to appeal, which would stop a rush to county courthouses for a marriage license.

Thirteen states and the District of Columbia allow same-sex marriage, but the issue can be found in courtrooms around the country. The New Jersey Supreme Court said it will soon decide whether gays can marry there, and a Utah federal judge in December will hear arguments about the state’s ban.

DeBoer and Rowse are raising three adopted children with special needs. They filed a lawsuit in 2012 hoping to strike down a state law that bars same-sex partners from adopting each other’s kids. The case was groundbreaking on its own, but then Friedman suggested challenging the gay marriage ban. If the ban is overturned, other laws, such as the adoption restriction, likely would fall, too.

A constitutional amendment declaring marriage as between a man and a woman was approved by 59 percent of Michigan voters in 2004.

Attorneys for DeBoer and Rowse say the amendment violates the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution, which bars states from treating people differently. They believe they’ll benefit from a June decision by the U.S. Supreme Court, which struck down part of the federal Defense of Marriage Act, saying married gay couples are entitled to the same federal benefits available to straight couples.

Michigan, meanwhile, is highlighting the Supreme Court’s recognition that states do have authority to regulate marriage.

Gary Glenn, who leads the conservative American Family Association of Michigan, said it would be a mistake for a judge to extinguish a law on the books for nearly a decade.

In Ann Arbor, the Washtenaw County clerk’s office said judges and clergy will be available at the local courthouse if Friedman allows same-sex marriage. The county will waive the typical three-day waiting period to get a license, at least on Thursday.

Bishop Jerry Brohl of Blessed John XIII Community, a church for Christians of all stripes in Wyandotte, near Detroit, said he’s eager to bless same-sex marriages, even if he doesn’t know the couple.

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Follow Ed White at http://twitter.com/edwhiteap.

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