The United Nations is preparing to confront North Korea over its dismal rights record with a key vote this week that could compel Pyongyang to answer to crimes against humanity.
A UN General Assembly committee will vote Tuesday on a resolution drafted by the European Union and Japan condemning human rights abuses in North Korea and calling for a war crimes probe.
While North Korea often features on the roster of resolutions targeting pariah states, the latest text has been the focus of intense diplomacy over provisions that could see the Pyongyang regime in the dock at the International Criminal Court (ICC).
The resolution draws heavily from a UN report released in February that detailed a vast network of prison camps and provided accounts of torture, summary executions and rape, mostly from testimony from North Korean exiles.
Responsibility for these crimes lies at the highest level of the state, according to the report by the UN inquiry, which concluded that the atrocities amounted to crimes against humanity.
The landmark report stirred alarm in Pyongyang, which launched a diplomatic offensive to ensure the key provisions urging the Security Council to refer Pyongyang to the Hague-based ICC were scrapped.
– Defended by Cuba –
Rushing to North Korea’s defense, Cuba last week presented an amendment — that will also be put to a vote — dropping all references to the ICC and instead encouraging cooperation through fact-finding visits and talks with the UN rights office.
Diplomats said the Cuba amendment could garner support in particular from African countries that have bristled at the ICC’s focus on African war crimes cases.
To counter the Cuban move, a new text was presented on Friday by the EU that included a provision welcoming cooperation on rights with North Korea, but maintaining the call for a probe of crimes against humanity.
Supporters of the EU-Japan text, co-sponsored by 48 countries including the United States, are hoping for a strong vote of support to push the Security Council into taking action against Pyongyang.
– North fears ‘US plot’ –
After the vote in the Third Committee, the resolution will go to the full Assembly next month.
But it would still remain an open question whether the Security Council will follow up on the resolution and refer North Korea to the ICC, with China and Russia widely expected to oppose such a move.
North Korean leader Kim Jong-Un is sending a special envoy to Russia for talks next week with President Vladimir Putin, whose country holds veto power in the 15-member Council.
Pyongyang has dismissed the resolution as confrontational and the product of a plot orchestrated by the United States to discredit the regime and help bring about its downfall.
But last month, North Korean officials held their first meeting in 10 years with the UN special rapporteur and extended an invitation for him to visit Pyongyang while offering to cooperate with the UN High Commissioner on Human Rights.
Pyongyang has made clear that cooperation on human rights is conditional on dropping the threat of ICC prosecution as outlined in the resolution.
Australian judge Michael Kirby, who led the UN inquiry, has called the vote a “moment of truth” for the United Nations and said the 193-member Assembly should not be duped by offers that he described as “crumbs being thrown to the international community.”