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The almanac



Today is Saturday, Nov. 23, the 327th day of 2013 with 38 to follow.
The moon is waning. The morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury and Saturn. The evening stars are Neptune, Uranus and Venus.





Those born on this date are under the sign of Sagittarius. They include Edward Rutledge, signer of the U.S. Declaration of Independence in 1749; Franklin Pierce, 14th president of the United States, in 1804; U.S. outlaw Billy "The Kid" Bonney in 1859; Swedish politician and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Hjalmar Branting in 1860; Mexican artist Jose Clemente Orozco in 1883; actor Boris Karloff in 1887; comic actor Harpo (Adolph Arthur) Marx of the Marx Brothers in 1888; Romain de Tirtoff, the Russian fashion designer and artist known as Erte, in 1892; and actors Michael Gough in 1916, Franco Nero in 1941 (age 72) and Susan Anspach in 1942 (age 71); composer Johnny Mandel in 1925 (age 88); screenwriter Robert Towne in 1934 (age 79); radio personality Tom Joyner in 1949 (age 64); musician Bruce Hornsby in 1954 (age 59); television personality Robin Roberts in 1960 (age 53); television personality Nicole "Snookie" Polizzi in 1987 (age 26); and actor/singer Miley Cyrus in 1992 (age 21).


On this date in history:
In 1644, John Milton's treatise Areopagitica was published.



In 1889, the first jukebox was placed in service in the Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco.



In 1890, the independent Grand Duchy of Luxembourg was separated from the Netherlands.



In 1919, the first play-by-play football game broadcast by radio in the United States described Texas A&M's 7-0 shutout of the University of Texas.



In 1936, Life magazine made its debut.



In 1943, the U.S. Marines took control of the Gilbert Islands from Japanese forces following a fierce 76-hour battle.



In 1945, World War II rationing ended in the United States on all foods except sugar.



In 1954, China announced it had convicted 11 U.S. airmen and two civilians of espionage.



In 1980, an earthquake in Naples, Italy, killed 4,800 people.



In 1992, the United States lowered its flag over the last U.S. base in the Philippines, ending nearly a century of military presence in its former colony.



In 1996, a hijacker forced an Ethiopian jetliner to fly until it ran out of fuel. The aircraft crashed into the sea, killing 125 of the 175 people on board.



In 2002, the Bush administration eased anti-pollution regulations that required older coal-fired refineries to upgrade facilities with modern clean air equipment in an effort to spur expanded construction of power plants.



In 2004, in a disputed Ukraine election, the day after opposition leader Viktor Yushchenko declared himself the winner, officials determined that Kremlin-backed Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych was the real winner.



In 2008, U.S. President-elect Barack Obama nominated Timothy Geithner to be treasury secretary and selected former Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers as the head of the White House Economic Council.



In 2009, South Carolina Gov. Mark Sanford, who made headlines earlier with the report of an extramarital affair, was charged with 37 counts of using his office for personal financial gain by the state ethics commission.



In 2010, South Korean officials said North Korea bombarded the South's Yeonpyeong Island, killing two civilians and two marines and injuring 18 other people in an apparent effort to discourage upcoming U.S.-South Korea joint military exercises.



In 2011, legislation making casino gambling legal in Massachusetts was signed into law by Gov. Deval Patrick, who said he favored the proposal for its job-creating potential.



In 2012, a day after Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi issued a decree stating his decisions weren't subject to review or appeal, police in Cairo used tear gas on thousands of protesters accusing him of making a despotic power grab. Morsi was elected in June.





A thought for the day: Actor and motivational speaker Mr. T, said "For many people it's easy to quit, but don't; that's what separates the winners from the losers, what separates the all-stars from the also-rans."


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