Rome (AFP) – Italy and Malta faced international pressure Monday to come to the aid of a rescue ship carrying hundreds of migrants which is stranded in the Mediterranean as the two countries refuse to open up their ports.
A total of 629 people, including pregnant women and scores of children, were saved by SOS Mediterranee Saturday and are stuck aboard the French charity’s ship Aquarius, which is currently between Malta and Sicily.
But Malta and Italy — where the new populist government has vowed a tough new stance on immigration — have both refused to take the migrants in.
The UN called on the two nations to immediately allow the boat to dock, describing the situation as “an urgent humanitarian imperative” and suggesting the hundreds of board “are running out of provisions.”
The EU made a similar plea, urging a “swift resolution” to allow the boat to reach land as soon as possible.
Italy’s refusal to take in the migrants is the first evidence of the new government’s hardened stance on immigration.
And nationalist Interior Minister Matteo Salvini showed no sign of backing down on Monday.
“Saving lives is a duty, turning Italy into a huge refugee camp is not no. Italy is done bending voer backwards and obeying, this time THERE IS SOMEONE WHO SAYS NO”, he wrote on Twitter followed by the hastag #closethedoors.
The Maltese government has insisted it is “acting in full conformity with its international obligations”.
SOS Mediterranee tweeted late Sunday that the Aquarius had received instructions from the Italian Maritime Rescue Coordination Centre to stand by in its current position 35 nautical miles from #Italy and 27 nautical miles from #Malta”
– ‘Vulnerable patients at risk’ –
“We haven’t moved since last night, people are starting to wonder why we we’ve stopped,” journalist Anelise Borges, who is aboard the Aquarius, said in a tweet.
MSF Sea (Doctors Without Borders) said the medical situation of those on board was “stable for now but unnecessary delay to disembarkation in safe port puts vulnerable patients at risk.”
“Particularly seven pregnant woman, 15 with serious chemical burns and several critical drowning hypothermia patients,” MSF Sea said.
Italian Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte said Sunday that Rome had sent two patrol ships with doctors on board “ready to intervene and ensure the health of anyone on board the Aquarius who might have the need”.
The migrants were rescued in six separate night-time operations in the central Mediterranean on Saturday.
“The people we saved yesterday were in a difficult condition, at least 50 were at risk of drowning. We need to have an idea of what port to go to, something that up to now we haven’t had,” Aquarius crew member Alessandro Porro told news channel Sky TG24 on Sunday.
The French organisation said 123 unaccompanied minors, 11 small children and seven pregnant women are among those brought on board.
– ‘A land of refuge’ –
Italy’s spat with Malta began after its reported refusal to come to the aid of another rescue ship Seefuchs, which was stranded with 126 migrants on board due to violent seas until it was allowed to dock at the Sicilian port of Pozzallo on Saturday.
EU rules mean migrants must apply for asylum in the European country where they first arrive, putting pressure on Italy and Greece, the entry points for hundreds of thousands of people fleeing war and poverty in the Middle East, Africa and Asia since 2015.
But some in Italy have offered to take in the migrants, with the mayor of Taranto, Rinaldo Melucci, saying that the southern port city was “ready to embrace every life in danger”.
“Our land has always been one of refuge, I don’t know how you can send away 629 human lives.”
Naples mayor Luigi de Magistris said on Twitter that “if a minister without a heart leaves pregnant women, children, old people, human being to die, the port of Naples is ready to welcome them”.
EU leaders in December had set an end-June deadline for an overhaul of rules to create a permanent mechanism to deal with migrants in the event of a new emergency.
The summer of 2016 saw a surge in mass drownings in the Mediterranean as Europe’s worst migration crisis since World War II peaked.