UPI Almanac for Tuesday, June 19, 2018

Today is Tuesday, June 19, the 170th day of 2018 with 195 to follow.

The moon is waxing. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Saturn and Venus.

Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include French philosopher/mathematician Blaise Pascal in 1623; Moe Howard of the Three Stooges comedy act in 1897; bandleader Guy Lombardo in 1902; baseball Hall of Fame member Lou Gehrig in 1903; musician Lester Flatt in 1914; film critic Pauline Kael in 1919; actor Nancy Marchand in 1928; actor Gena Rowlands in 1930 (age 88); Nobel Peace Prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi in 1945 (age 73); author Salman Rushdie in 1947 (age 71); actor Phylicia Rashad in 1948 (age 70); musician Nick Drake in 1948; musician Ann Wilson of Heart in 1950 (age 68); actor Kathleen Turner in 1954 (age 64); singer Paula Abdul in 1962 (age 56); political commentator Laura Ingraham in 1963 (age 55); actor Mia Sara in 1967 (age 51); TV personality Lara Spencer in 1969 (age 49); actor Robin Tunney in 1972 (age 46); actor Hugh Dancy in 1975 (age 43); NBA player Dirk Nowitzki in 1978 (age 40); actor Zoe Saldana in 1978 (age 40); rapper Macklemore, born Benjamin Hammond Haggery, in 1983 (age 35); actor Aidan Turner in 1983 (age 35); actor Paul Dano in 1984 (age 34); actor Giacomo Gianniotti in 1989 (age 29); actor Atticus Shaffer in 1998 (age 20).

On this date in history:

In 1846, two amateur baseball teams played under new rules at Hoboken, N.J., planting the first seeds of organized baseball. The New York Nine beat the Knickerbockers, 23-1.

In 1856, the first Republican national convention ended in Philadelphia with the nomination of explorer John Charles Fremont of California for president. James Buchanan, a Federalist nominated by the Democrats, was elected.

In 1867, Austrian Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, installed as emperor of Mexico by French Emperor Napoleon III in 1864, was executed on the orders of Benito Juarez, president of the Mexican Republic.

In 1905, Pittsburgh showman Harry Davis opened the world’s first nickelodeon, showing “The Great Train Robbery,” a silent Western film. The storefront theater had 96 seats, charged 5 cents and prompted the advent of movie houses across the United States.

In 1910, Spokane, Wash., had the first Father’s Day.

In 1944, World War II’s Battle of the Philippine Sea began. Japanese forces tried unsuccessfully to prevent further Allied advancement in the South Pacific.

In 1953, convicted spies Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were executed by electric chair at Sing Sing Correctional Facility in Ossining, N.Y.

In 1987, the U.S. Supreme Court struck down a 1981 Louisiana law that required schools to teach the creationist theory of human origin espoused by fundamentalist Christians.

In 1991, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar surrendered to police in Medellin in the wake of the assassination of Luis Carlos Galan. Authorities convinced him to give himself up in exchange for a lighter sentence for prior criminal activity — activity which continued after his imprisonment.

In 1999, horror novelist Stephen King was hit by a car and severely injured while out for a walk in rural Maine.

In 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that prayers led by students at public high school football games aren’t permitted under the constitutional separation of church and state.

In 2005, German driver Michael Schumacher won the U.S. Grand Prix after 14 of 20 contenders dropped out amid spectacular tire failures.

In 2008, U.S. Sen. Barack Obama, D-Ill., the presumptive Democratic presidential nominee, became the first candidate at that level to bypass public financing since the program was established.

In 2013, James Gandolfini, who starred in the gangster drama The Sopranos, died of a heart attack in Rome. He was 51.

In 2014, Felipe VI was proclaimed Spain’s new king after his father, King Juan Carlos, abdicated the throne.

In 2017, the United Nations said 65.6 million people were displaced from their homes worldwide because of conflict, a seven-decade high.

A thought for the day: “Jealousy is an unjust and stifling thing.” — Zane Grey