Today is Wednesday, June 13, the 164th day of 2018 with 201 to follow.
The moon is new. Morning stars are Jupiter, Mars, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus. Evening stars are Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, Saturn and Venus.
Those born on this date are under the sign of Gemini. They include U.S. Army Gen. Winfield Scott in 1786; Irish poet/dramatist William Butler Yeats in 1865; British actor Basil Rathbone in 1892; British author Dorothy L. Sayers in 1893; Finnish runner Paavo Nurmi, winner of nine Olympic gold medals, in 1897; Mexican composer Carlos Chavez in 1899; radio-TV host Ralph Edwards in 1913; tennis Hall of Fame member Don Budge in 1915; Nobel economics laureate John Forbes Nash, subject of the book/movie A Beautiful Mind, in 1928; Moroccan-born artist Jeanne-Claude in 1935; Bulgarian-born artist Christo, born Christo Vladimirov Javacheff, in 1935 (age 83); U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in 1944 (age 74); actor Malcolm McDowell in 1943 (age 75); actor Stellan Skarsgard in 1951 (age 67); actor Richard Thomas in 1951 (age 67); comedian Tim Allen in 1953 (age 65); actor Ally Sheedy in 1962 (age 56); singer Rivers Cuomo (Weezer) in 1970 (age 48); actor Chris Evans in 1981 (age 37); actor/fashion designer Ashley Olsen in 1986 (age 32); actor/fashion designer Mary-Kate Olsen in 1986 (age 32); actor Kat Dennings in 1986 (age 32); actor Aaron Taylor-Johnson in 1990 (age 28).
On this date in history:
In 323 B.C., Alexander the Great died of fever in Babylon at age 33.
In 1910, former President Theodore Roosevelt cured a severe case of seasickness which overcame his daughter Ethel’s dog, Bongo.
In 1944, the first German V-1 “buzz bomb” hit London.
In 1966, the U.S. Supreme Court, in Miranda vs. Arizona, ruled that police must inform all arrested people their constitutional rights before questioning them.
In 1967, President Lyndon B. Johnson nominated Thurgood Marshall to the Supreme Court. He became the first African American on the high court in August.
In 1971, The New York Times began publishing top secret, sensitive details and documents from 47 volumes that comprised the history of the U.S. decision making process on Vietnam policy, better known as the Pentagon Papers.
In 1976, Arizona Republic investigative reporter Don Bolles died as a result of injuries suffered when a bomb blew up his car 11 days earlier. He had been working on an organized crime story at the time of his death.
In 1977, James Earl Ray, convicted assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., was captured in a Tennessee wilderness area after escaping from prison.
In 1983, the robot spacecraft Pioneer 10 became the first man-made object to leave the solar system. It did so 11 years after it was launched.
In 1993, Canada got its first female prime minister when the ruling Progressive Conservative Party elected Kim Campbell to head the party and thus the country.
In 1994, Nicole Brown Simpson, the ex-wife of former football star O.J. Simpson, and her friend Ronald Goldman were found stabbed to death outside her condominium in the Brentwood section of Los Angeles. Simpson was charged with the murders and acquitted in a trial that became a media sensation. A civil court later found him liable in a wrongful-death lawsuit and, in an unrelated robbery case in Nevada, he was convicted in 2008 and sentenced to 33 years in prison.
In 1996, members of the Freeman militia surrendered, 10 days after the FBI cut off electricity to their Montana compound. The standoff lasted 81 days.
In 2000, South Korean President Kim Dae-jung and North Korean leader Kim Jong Il meet for the first-ever inter-Korea summit in Pyongyang.
In 2005, pop superstar Michael Jackson was acquitted by a California jury on charges of child molestation.
In 2009, incumbent Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was declared the winner in a disputed Iranian presidential election, touching off widespread clashes between protesters and police.
In 2011, the complete Pentagon Papers, a secret history of the Vietnam War, were made public 40 years after the first leaks were published. The excerpts leaked by Daniel Ellsberg led to a battle with the Nixon administration and a landmark ruling by the U.S. Supreme Court expanding freedom of the press.
In 2012, ousted Tunisian President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali, in exile and tried in absentia, was sentenced to life imprisonment for ordering the shooting of protesters.
In 2013, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that human genes cannot be patented.
In 2017, North Korean officials released Otto Warmbier, a U.S. student held in prison for 17 months. He came back to the United States in a vegetative state and died days later.
A thought for the day: Joseph Joubert wrote, “Children need models more than they need critics.”