When the 29-year-old Napoleon Bonaparte’s Army of the Orient arrived on Egyptian soil, it marked the first time since 1250 that a European military force set foot in the Dar-al-Islam. Napoleon fashioned himself after other influential world leaders and state builders such as Alexander and Caesar. In that regard, Napoleon brought military objectives with him to the Orient, too. Like Alexander, he also wanted to bring progress, the rights of man, and French enlightenment, with the hopes of making Egypt an extension of France. His strategy was to fuse France’s revolutionary principles with the Koran. Of course, this was modeled after Alexander’s fusion project with the Persians.
This is where and how the L’Institut d’Egypte came about. Supporting the Army of the Orient were some 160 of France’s leading scientists, artists, engineers, physicians and scholars. The Institute of Egypt was established in Cairo in 1798, and the works that were accomplished both during and after the expedition are greatly revered. Particularly notable was the founding of Egyptology.
Now it’s all gone. Burned down and charred throughout on December 17th.
Ironically, Napoleon once wrote, “True victories, the only ones that cause no regret, are those made over ignorance.”
Tough sell, l’Empereur…
Daniel Pipes writes of the crime:
Remarkably for a learned institution, its doors were open to the public to meander and imbibe, though few did. During my three-year residency in Cairo in the 1970s, it served as a place of refuge, when the city was too much with me, as well as a regular destination for my foreign visitors. I treasured this little-known gem for its library of 200,000 volumes focused on Egypt, its symbol as the capstone of Orientalist learning in Egypt, its evocation of a different and better era, and the quietude it offered in a city with few such oases.
And now the barbarians came and destroyed it with a Molotov cocktail. The walls still stand but the building is gutted, its invaluable contents burnt.
Comments: (1) This attack brings to mind a host of prior acts of destruction of historical monuments in Egypt, including the medieval defacement of the Sphinx and the Cairo arson of 1952. Outside Egypt, assaults coming right to mind include the Muslim destruction of Hindu temples in India, the Turkish destruction of churches in northern Cyprus, the Palestinian sacking of the Tomb of Joseph, the Taliban destruction of the Bamiyan Buddha, the Iraqi pillaging of museums, libraries, and archives, the Saudi destruction of antiquities in Mecca, and the Malaysia destruction of an historic Hindu temple. This barbarism, in other words, fits into a larger pattern. What is it about Muslims and history? As this listing suggests, too many of them hate not only what is non-Islamic but even their own heritage
(2) The former minister of state for antiquities affairs, Zahi Hawass, campaigned for the return of the country’s treasures. I vote against that. Better they be safe where they are than exposed to the fury of modern-day Egyptians, especially given that Egypt’s mufti recently ruled against the private display of statues, a possible first step toward a state-sanctioned destruction of Egyptian antiquities. In addition, observers rightly worry that the imcomparable Egyptian Museum may be targeted next.