Brussels (AFP) – The EU unveiled plans Wednesday for a bigger 1.279-trillion euro budget for the seven years after Brexit featuring a controversial move to cut funding for countries that fail to respect democratic standards.
European Commission chief Jean-Claude Juncker said the proposed budget was a “reasonable and responsible” way to fill a hole left by Britain’s departure and spend more on priorities such as security.
But Poland and Hungary, which have both been severely criticised by Brussels over democratic freedoms, are up in arms over the proposal to “suspend, reduce or restrict access” to errant states.
“We are proposing a new mechanism that will allow for the protection of the budget linked to risks arising from deficiencies in the rule of law,” Juncker told the European Parliament.
The departure of Britain, a net contributor, in 2019 leaves the bloc with what Juncker says is 15 billion euro gap in its accounts, but the EU also wants more money for ambitious projects to unify the remaining 27 member states.
EU Budget Commissioner Guenther Oettinger said countries would pay 1.114 percent of their annual gross domestic product under the plans, up from one percent in the current 2014-2020 multi-year budget worth 1.0 trillion euros.
Taxes on carbon emissions, plastic waste, and corporations could also contribute 22 billion euros annually, or 12 percent of total budget revenue, the commission said.
– Key cuts –
One of the key proposed cuts is five percent from the Common Agricultural Policy, the largest single area of EU spending and one dear to major farm producer France.
There is also a five-percent proposed cut to so-called cohesion funds, which former Soviet bloc states in eastern Europe are the biggest beneficiaries from.
In return, the European Commission wants to spend more on the digital economy, research, defence and protection for the bloc’s borders against mass migration, including what one European source says is a quintupling of the border force Frontex to nearly 6,000 people.
Countries including Denmark, Austria and the Netherlands are already gearing up to fight any demand for increased national contributions, although France and Germany have said they are ready to pay more.
Danish Prime Minister Lars Lokke Rasmussen tweeted that “a smaller EU should mean a smaller budget!” as the bloc will number 27 members after Brexit.
The plan is likely to cause fights on a number of other fronts.
Firstly, Warsaw and Budapest, locked in battle with Brussels over democratic standards and their refusal to accept refugees, oppose any attempt to impose conditions on the billions in funds they get from the bloc.
– ‘Political pressure’ –
They view it as an attempt to punish them indirectly, without going through mechanisms like an unprecedented sanctions procedure launched by Brussels against Poland over its court reforms.
Juncker — who exchanged high-fives with Brexit supporting British MEP Nigel Farage in parliament before his speech — said “respect for the rule of law is an indispensable prerequisite for sound financial management and effective implementation of the budget”.
But Poland was standing firm.
“We will not accept arbitrary mechanisms which will make the funds an instrument of political pressure,” Poland’s deputy European affairs minister Konrad Szymanski said earlier.
Secondly, the eastern states are also likely to oppose both the cuts to cohesion funds overall, and also demands from southern nations like Spain and Italy that were hit by the economic crisis for some of those funds to be redirected.
Thirdly, protests by French farmers are likely over any attempt to cut the Common Agricultural Policy, of which they are the biggest beneficiaries.
Farm funds account for 37 percent of the bloc’s funding, while cohesion funds account for 35 percent.
Finally attempts by Brussels to push through the budget before the next European Parliament elections in May 2019 have also met a cool response.
“We cannot afford a lost year,” Oettinger said, referring to the fact that the 2014-2020 budget took two years to pass.
EU states say it is “impossible” given the rifts between east, west, north and south, with countries anxious not to put their hands in their pockets at a time when populism is on the march.
“These negotiations normally take two years,” a diplomatic source told AFP.