Brasília (AFP) – President Dilma Rousseff is set to fight for her political life Saturday backed by vast crowds of supporters as Brazil prepares to vote on whether to drive her from office.
The Sunday vote in Congress could topple the 68-year-old leftist leader, in a political crisis threatening to destabilize Latin America’s biggest economy as it struggles through a crippling recession.
It will be a rare outing for Rousseff, who has preferred to remain at her official workplace, the Palacio do Planalto, encouraging supporters from afar.
Rousseff will meet with the supporters camped out at the Mane Garrincha stadium who have turned out to support her bid to remain head of state.
“We came to join the defense of democracy and the government that was legitimately elected in 2014,” said Tiago Almeida, 35, a metal worker from the state of Sao Paulo who has been at the camp for days.
Organizers hope that more than 100,000 will gather at the rally and the support camp this weekend.
– Pro, anti-Rousseff rallies –
Rousseff’s opponents also plan rallies over the weekend as lawmakers debate a motion to send her to an impeachment trial in the Senate.
Police tightly guarded the area around Congress, which was surrounded with metal barriers.
Pro- and anti-Rousseff rallies are also planned in other cities on Sunday, including the economic capital Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, where the Summer Olympics will be held in August.
Lower house lawmakers were due to make further speeches on Saturday and Sunday before voting late Sunday on whether to call for an impeachment trial.
Rousseff faces charges that she illegally used creative accounting to mask government shortfalls during her 2014 reelection.
She accepts the claims, defending her behavior by saying that previous governments used similar measures.
In a rowdy opening session on Friday, the government’s top lawyer Jose Eduardo Cardozo drew noisy complaints when he repeated Rousseff’s claim that the impeachment drive was a “coup.”
“This is a historic process, there’s no doubt,” said House Speaker Eduardo Cunha, one of the leaders of the push to remove Rousseff.
Cunha has his own problems: he has been charged with taking millions of dollars in bribes linked to a massive embezzlement cartel centered on state oil company Petrobras. He also allegedly hid the money in Swiss bank accounts.
– Fending off a ‘coup’ –
The pro-impeachment camp appears to have the two-thirds majority of votes needed to pass the impeachment motion up to the Senate, according to a tally by Brazilian newspapers.
If that happens, Rousseff will be sent to trial in the Senate in a process expected to last months.
“The government will fight until the last minute… to foil this coup attempt,” Rousseff vowed on Thursday.
The president’s governing coalition has been crumbling, starting with the defection of vice president Michel Temer’s PMDB party.
“We have come to a decisive phase in this process and the best thing for the country is to have a result on Sunday, whatever it might be,” said Leonardo Picciani, PMDB congressional leader.
“We have to turn the page and not waste more time in political battles and disputes,” he told AFP.
– Lobbying against impeachment –
Temer will become interim president if the trial starts in the Senate, and Rousseff would have to step down for six months during the proceedings.
If the Senate then voted by a two-thirds majority to impeach her, she would be ousted and Temer would remain president for the rest of the term — until 2018.
Opposition lawmaker Paulinho da Forca told reporters Friday she had already been discussing “the future government” with “president” Temer.
Meanwhile, Rousseff’s top ally and predecessor as president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, rallied support for her in a video message.
“We are going to defeat impeachment and end this crisis once and for all,” he said.
Lula faces corruption allegations linked to a graft scandal at state oil company Petrobras.
Cardozo said the government was considering further legal appeals.
– ‘No criminal accusation’ –
Rousseff got support Friday from the visiting head of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro.
The OAS “has made a detailed analysis of the impeachment process against Dilma, and has concluded that it does not fit within the rules that govern this process,” Almagro said.
“There is no criminal accusation against the president, rather she has been accused of the poor administration of public resources in 2014. This is an accusation that is political in character, and that does not merit an impeachment process.”
The Uruguayan diplomat said that there was concern over the fate of the most populous democracy in Latin America.
“Brazil has always been an example of democracy in the Hemisphere, and we all need for it to continue to be so,” he told reporters after meeting with Rousseff.