This morning’s key headlines from GenerationalDynamics.com
- Syrian regime encircles Aleppo, causing new flood of refugees
- Saudi Arabia ready to send ground troops into Syria
- Saudi Arabia sees itself in an existential crisis
- Turkey denies Russian reports of Syria invasion
Syrian regime encircles Aleppo, causing new flood of refugees
Syrian refugees in the Elbeyli refugee camp in Kilis, Turkey (Anadolu)
Syrian regime forces, backed by massive bombing by Russian warplanes, cut a vital commercial supply route between Turkey and Aleppo, Syria’s largest city. This route is used to provide food, medicines and other supplies to the more than 2 million people living in Aleppo.
Already, tens of thousands are fleeing from Aleppo. Turkey says that there are already 10,000 refugees at Turkey’s “door,” stranded at the border crossing to Turkey, and 70,000 more are already on the way. The U.K.-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said that about 40,000 people have fled the region in the past few days.
There are fears that regime forces will now move south and encircle and starve Aleppo, as the regime has done in Homs and other cities. In that case, there may be hundreds of thousands attempting to flee and head for Turkey.
These are all new refugees that could enter Turkey and then attempt to reach the Aegean Sea and travel to Europe. Europe has in the past asked for Turkey’s help in slowing the flood of refugees reaching Europe, and has promised financial aid for the refugees to encourage them to remain in Turkey.
At an international Syria donors conference held in London on Thursday, countries pledged billions of dollars in aid for fleeing refugees. Germany pledged $2.6 billion in aid, the United Kingdom pledged $1.7 billion and the U.S. pledged about $925 million.
What usually happens with these international aid conferences is that a lot of money is pledged, but the pledges are forgotten once the conference and the opportunity for publicity end. In this case, it is hoped that the pledges will be fulfilled, because they are the only hope of slowing the flood of refugees.
The conference itself was overshadowed by the collapse of the “peace talks” in Geneva, as we reported yesterday, and by today’s news of the impending humanitarian disaster in Aleppo. In addition, there continues to be increasing talk about Western military intervention in Libya in the next few weeks, where ISIS is gaining greater and greater control. The old post-WW II order in the Mideast is collapsing, and it seems that barely a day goes by without something new about the collapse. Deutsche Welle and Bloomberg and Vice News and International Business Times
Saudi Arabia ready to send ground troops into Syria
Saudi Arabia is ready to supply troops for a Western ground operation in Syria. According to Asiri:
If the leaders of the international coalition unanimously decided to carry out such operations, the kingdom would be ready to participate in these efforts.
Saudi Arabia is part of the US-led anti-ISIS coalition, and has carried out more than 190 aerial missions. It is also believed that the Saudis have previously supplied weapons to moderate rebel groups in Syria fighting ISIS. The use of ground troops has been hinted at in the past, but the latest announcement is formal and serious, the sources said.
The announcement came after the so-called Islamic State (IS or ISIS or ISIL or Daesh) claimed responsibility for two suicide bomb attacks on Shia mosques in Saudi Arabia earlier this month, as well as several similar attacks last year. Nominally, Saudi troops in Syria would be fighting ISIS.
Saudi Arabia is already fighting a war in Yemen against Iran-backed Houthis, and that war appears to be stalemated. Saudi Arabia and Iran are bitter enemies, and a month ago, the countries broke diplomatic relations with each other. Saudi troops in Syria might well end up fighting Iranian troops. Saudi Press Agency and Reuters
Saudi Arabia sees itself in an existential crisis
Saudi Arabia is facing multiple crises, including a crash in oil prices, its principal source of revenue, and wars in neighboring countries in Syria, Iraq and Yemen.
Foreign minister Adel Al-Jubeir says that Saudi Arabia has been unfairly blamed for the 9/11/2001 attacks on the United States, and that in fact it is Saudi Arabia that’s under attack by terrorists and by Iran:
Some try to malign Saudi Arabia by reciting that “15 of the 19” 9/11 hijackers were Saudi. They should know that the mastermind of the 9/11 attacks, Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, told US interrogators that the initial plan was to have 20 hijackers from different nationalities, but late in the planning Osama Bin Laden directed him to use as many Saudis as possible to give the attack a Saudi face.
This was likely designed to drive a wedge between the Kingdom and the US. If this was Osama Bin Laden’s plan, it almost succeeded, as we saw from the wave of criticism the kingdom experienced after 9/11. […]
“Saudi Arabia has long been a target of terrorism perpetrated by Iranian proxies. […]
“Many countries have known the grief and pain [terrorism] causes. It makes no sense for Saudi Arabia to support or condone those who have as their goal the destruction of Saudi Arabia. It is against our values, our faith and our national character.
That is why the Kingdom has responded with strength, persistence and resolve. To accuse the Kingdom of being lax, much less complicit, when it comes to combating terrorism and its financing is not only irresponsible but also flies against the face of reality.
It is widely believed that even if Saudi’s government is not sponsoring terrorism, then some powerful Wahhabi Salafi groups within Saudi Arabia are doing so. Saudi Gazette
Turkey denies Russian reports of Syria invasion
The spokesman for Russia’s defense ministry, Major General Igor Konashenkov, says that Turkey is trying to conceal “illegal” military activity on its border with Syria. Konashenkov’s unsupported claim is that Turkey is firing artillery into populated areas in the north of Latakia Province, and is preparing to invade Syria.
According to Konashenkov, “The signs of hidden preparation of Turkish armed forces for activities in the territory of Syria we notice more and more.”
However, an unnamed source in the office of Turkey’s prime minister told CNN that there are no such plans. “Simply they are diverting attention from their attacks on civilians as a country already invading Syria,” the source told CNN. “Turkey has all the rights to take any measures to protect its own security.” Russia Today and CNN
KEYS: Generational Dynamics, Syria, Aleppo, Russia, Libya, Islamic State / of Iraq and Syria/Sham/the Levant, IS, ISIS, ISIL, Daesh, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Yemen, Houthis, Iran, Adel Al-Jubeir, Igor Konashenkov
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