This morning’s key headlines from GenerationalDynamics.com
- India, Pakistan celebrate independence day with vitriolic accusations about Kashmir
- Militants hoist Pakistani flags in Kashmir on Sunday
India, Pakistan celebrate independence day with vitriolic accusations about Kashmir
A masked Kashmir protester in Kashmir on Sunday waves a Pakistan flag next to a graffiti of Hizbul Mujahideen commander Burhan Muzaffar Wani. Wani was shot and killed by police on July 8, triggering weeks of riots, demonstrations and violence since then. (Hindustan Times)
On Sunday, Pakistan celebrated its 70th Independence Day. The first Independence Day occurred on August 14, 1947, when Pakistan became an independent state, because of the Partition that split the Indian subcontinent into two nations, India and Pakistan. As I wrote last week, Independence Days for India and Pakistan were followed by the Partition war, one of the most massive and bloodiest wars of the 20th century. ( “7-Aug-16 World View — India’s Narendra Modi finally hits out at Cow Protectors (‘Gau Rakshaks’)”)
The Partition war was an “organic” generational crisis civil war between Hindus and Muslims. That is, it came up from the people, rather than coming about because one nation invaded another war. In fact, the leading Hindu and Muslim politicians of the day were in a state of denial, and were caught completely by surprise, and hadn’t expected the war to occur at all. And most of the “organic” slaughter was centered in the provinces of Kashmir and Jammu.
The crisis civil war was settled with a compromise: Kashmir and Jammu would be split into separate regions governed by Pakistan and India, respectively, separated by a Line of Control (LoC).
Today, with India and Pakistan again in a generational Crisis era, the leading Hindu and Muslim politicians are once in a state of denial, not realizing how dangerous the situation is, and how a new, bloody, massive “organic” civil war could begin in Kashmir once again.
Pakistan celebrated Independence Day on Sunday with commemorative ceremonies held in Islamabad, Pakistan’s capital city, as well as at the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi, India’s capital city.
In Islamsbad, the day began with a 31-gun salute in the federal capital along with a 21-gun salute in each provincial capital. Flag hoisting ceremonies were held in the provincial capitals and district headquarters. The main ceremony of the day was held at Islamabad’s Convention Centre, where President Mamnoon Hussain and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif hoisted the national flag.
Nawaz Sharif opened the hostilities by announcing, “I dedicate this year’s 14th August to the freedom of Kashmir.” By “freedom,” he means that the Indian-controlled portion of Kashmir should be given to Pakistan, something that would not happen without a major war.
Pakistan’s envoy to India Abdul Basit, the Pakistan High Commissioner in New Delhi, said:
Pakistan will continue to extend its full diplomatic, political and moral support to the valiant people of Jammu and Kashmir until they get their right to self-determination. …
The only outstanding issue is how to liberate parts of J&K under illegal occupation of Islamabad. As far as Jammu and Kashmir is concerned, we are dedicating this year’s Independence Day to the freedom of Kashmir. And we firmly believe that the sacrifices made by the people of Jammu and Kashmir will not go in vain.
Indian officials criticized Basit’s statement because, as Pakistan’s envoy to India, his job is to improve communications, not make provocative statements that hinder communication. Jitendra Singh, junior minister at the Prime Minister’s Office, shot back:
Our stand is very clear in the context of the J&K issue. If at all there is any outstanding issue with Pakistan, it is only on ways to liberate parts of the state which remain under the illegal occupation of Islamabad and make them a part of the Union of India.
India’s Home Minister Rajnath Singh also retorted in a similar inflammatory manner:
Nawaz Sharif said that he is waiting for Kashmir to be handed over to Pakistan, he even wrote to UN Secretary General regarding this. I want to assert that no power in the world can wrest Kashmir from us. And if at all they want to have a dialogue with us, then we are ready. But it will be about Pakistan occupied Kashmir, not Kashmir.
On Friday, Pakistan proposed sending supplies to the people of Indian-government Kashmir. An official Indian government spokesman said,
“I can only characterize [the proposal to send] supplies to the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir as absurd. India and others in the region have already received enough of Pakistan’s trademark exports — international terrorism, cross-border infiltrators, weapons, narcotics and fake currency.” Indian Express and Pakistan Today
Militants hoist Pakistani flags in Kashmir on Sunday
Violent clashes in Kashmir began on July 9, following the death on July 8 of Burhan Wani, 22, a 22-year-old commander in the separatist militia Hizbul Mujahideen (HM). Some 50 Kashmiris were killed and over 1,900 injured. About 600 were blinded for life, having been shot by the security forces with “non-lethal” pellet guns. The death of Wani has triggered weeks of anti-India riots, demonstrations, and violence in Kashmir. ( “21-Jul-16 World View — India-Pakistan tensions grow over Kashmir issue”)
On Sunday, India imposed a curfew in all major towns of the Indian-controlled portion Kashmir and Jammu, in order to prevent widespread celebrations of Pakistan’s Independence Day, but the celebrations occurred anyway.
Large pro-Pakistan rallies were held in several towns in southern Kashmir on Sunday. Militants from Hizbul Mujahideen hoisted Pakistani flags and saluted them.
In one town, nine people were injured when police and paramilitary forces fired pellets on a rally. In another town, a pro-Pakistan rally was dispersed by police, resulting in clashes in which at least six people were injured. Police were pelted with stones in dozens of towns. Indian Express and Geo TV (Pakistan) and Hindustan Times
KEYS: Generational Dynamics, Pakistan, India, Kashmir, Jammu, Partition, Nawaz Sharif, Abdul Basit, Jitendra Singh, Rajnath Singh, Burhan Wani, Hizbul Mujahideen, HM
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