Japan Documented ‘Record Low’ of 811,000 Newborns in 2021

Miu Suwazono, a 6-month-old girl, wearing clothes featuring a panda waits at Ueno Zoo to s
AP Photo/Shizuo Kambayashi

Japan’s government documented a “record low” figure of 811,604 newborns last year, Kyodo News reported on Friday, noting that the data was merely the latest statistic highlighting Japan’s dire population woes.

The number of babies born in Japan in 2021 marked a decrease of 29,231 from 2020. The development signaled an unexpectedly steep drop in Japan’s newborn tally, which has “already fallen to the level that the government’s 2017 study forecast for 2027,” according to Kyodo News.

Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare announced the 2021 newborn data at a press briefing on June 3. The health ministry said it attributed the low figure to “a fall in women in their 20s giving birth.” Tokyo said it remains unclear if other factors, such as uncertainty about the future or increased economic insecurity, contributed to this decline in the number of young Japanese women giving birth.

Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Matsuno Hirokazu expressed dismay at the low newborn statistic at Friday’s press conference, warning it “could shake the foundations of our society and economy.” He vowed to tackle the issue as Tokyo’s top priority moving forward.

“We will create a reassuring social environment for people to give birth and raise children,” Matsuno said.

He added that Japan’s federal government will work to ramp up support for “fertility treatment and childcare services” while promoting favorable conditions that would encourage men to take paternity leave.

Kyodo News provided the following details about Japan’s latest newborn statistics on June 2:

Women between 30 and 34 accounted for 292,435 births, the largest number among the age brackets in the survey. The average age for bearing a first child rose 0.2 year to 30.9, the oldest on record.

Women between 40 and 44 were the only age group whose births increased from last year at 48,516, up 617, suggesting more women in the country are choosing to become mothers later in life.

By prefecture, Okinawa posted the highest birth rate, with each woman estimated to have 1.80 babies in her lifetime, followed by Kagoshima and Miyazaki, both in southwestern Japan, at 1.65 and 1.64, respectively.

Tokyo recorded the lowest birth rate (1.08) of any Japanese prefecture last year, followed by Miyagi Prefecture (1.15), and Hokkaido Prefecture (1.20).

Japan’s population shrank by 644,000 from 2020 to 2021, which was the sharpest decline recorded since 1950. The population of Japan is also aging, indicating that the nation may face cultural and economic tumult in the near future.

Elderly women sit and chat in Tokyo, Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012. (Junji Kurokawa/AP)

Elderly women sit and chat in Tokyo, Thursday, Sept. 13, 2012. (Junji Kurokawa/AP)

“The senior population aged 65 and over … increased by 188,000 year-on-year to 36,214,000,” Japan’s Nippon News Network reported in April.

“This cohort now accounts for 28.9% of the total population, which is the highest percentage on record. Within that range, people aged 75 years or older increased by 72,000 to 18,674,000, meaning that they account for more than half of the population of those over 65,” Nippon observed.


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