This morning’s key headlines from GenerationalDynamics.com
- The colorful Mikheil Saakashvili ‘invades’ Ukraine from Poland and threatens revolution
- Saakashvili to ‘march on Kiev’ and challenge Poroshenko government
The colorful Mikheil Saakashvili ‘invades’ Ukraine from Poland and threatens revolution
Mikheil Saakashvili (L) is joined by Ukraine’s former prime minister Yulia Tymoshenko (R) and other supporters on Sunday after entering Ukraine from Poland (AFP)
Mikheil Saakashvili – a man who is stateless, no longer the citizen of any country – “invaded” Ukraine from Poland on Sunday, despite attempts by Ukraine’s government to keep him out. Saakashvili is variously described as colorful, ambitious, arrogant, divisive, headstrong, and an egomaniac, has had his citizenship revoked in two countries, Georgia and Ukraine, mainly because he is constantly pissing people off.
Saakashvili, who has been based in Poland’s capital city Warsaw, had vowed to return to Ukraine on Sunday, and challenge the government or president Petro Poroshenko:
I’ll go through to the end, until victory. But it won’t be my own victory, but that of the people over oligarchy.
Poroshenko has declared Saakashvili to be persona non grata in Ukraine and said that Saakashvili would be prevented from entering.
So on Sunday morning, Saakashvili took a train to Ukraine. But when it reached the Polish town of Przemysl, the woman in charge of the train said that she had been ordered by authorities to stop the train there until Saakashvili got off. Saakashvili told journalists on the train that authorities were effectively holding hundreds of passengers hostage. He said: “Can you imagine what kind of idiots we’re dealing with?”
After several hours of delay, Saakashvili got off the train and got onto a bus that took him to the border of Ukraine, intending to walk across. Polish border guards allowed him to pass. But a line of Ukrainian border guards stood arm-in-arm to block Saakashvili from crossing the Ukrainian checkpoint.
All of these shenanigans were being covered live in the news, and thousands of Saakashvili supporters had gathered at the border crossing. In early evening, Saakashvili and his supporters broke through the line of border guards and entered Ukraine.
The Ukrainian border service said in a Facebook post that the crowd broke through a checkpoint and that fighting broke out when guards tried to block Saakashvili’s supporters. Deutsche Welle and AP and VOA and Reuters
Saakashvili to ‘march on Kiev’ and challenge Poroshenko government
Mikheil Saakashvili has had an extremely colorful career.
In 2003, at age 36, Saakashvili became president of the Republic of Georgia in the “Rose Revolution,” massive public demonstrations that brought down the pro-Russian president Eduard Shevardnadze and brought Saakashvili to power.
Saakashvili remained in power until 2013, but in the midst of that period, he and Georgia suffered a major humiliating loss, when Russian troops under Vladimir Putin invaded Georgia in 2008 and captured two Georgian provinces, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, which are still under Russia’s control.
Saakashvili was praised for fighting corruption, he adopted authoritarian policies that he said were necessary to continue fighting corruption, but which became increasingly unpopular.
Finally, Saakashvili was removed from the presidency in 2013. In May 2015, Ukraine’s president Petro Poroshenko made him a Ukrainian citizen, which resulted in the loss of his Georgian citizenship.
Saakashvili and Poroshenko had a lot in common. Saakashvili came to power in the Rose Revolution of 2003. Poroshenko came to power in 2014 in a popular revolution similar to Ukraine’s Orange Revolution of 2004. Just as Saakashvili had replaced the pro-Russian president Eduard Shevardnadze, Poroshenko replaced the pro-Russian president Viktor Yanukovych.
One more thing they had in common: Russian troops under Vladimir Putin in 2014 invaded and annexed Ukraine’s Crimea province, just as they had invaded and annexed Georgia’s Abkhazia and South Ossetia provinces in 2008. So Saakashvili and Poroshenko became friends.
So in May 2015, Poroshenko appointed Saakashvili governor of the southern Ukrainian port city Odessa, with the direction to end corruption and crime in the city. That did not work out too well. Saakashvili and Poroshenko started out as friends, but Saakashvili’s fight against corruption brought him into conflict with Poroshenko, whom he accused of blocking the efforts to stop corruption. The two then became enemies, and in November 2016, Saakashvili resigned from his job in Odessa.
In November, Saakashvili announced the creation of a new political party, the Movement of the New Forces, to oppose Poroshenko. In July of this year, Poroshenko revoked Saakashvili’s Ukrainian citizenship, leaving him stateless, a man without a country. However, Saakashvili claims that the revocation is illegal, since under international law it is illegal to revoke someone’s citizenship if it would leave him stateless.
So on Sunday, Saakashvili returned to Ukraine, to lead his new political party to the presidency of Ukraine. He will have many hurdles to overcome, not the least of which is Poroshenko’s threat to extradite Saakashvili back to Georgia, where he is wanted on criminal charges over alleged misappropriation of property and abuse of power.
Saakashvili has some powerful allies. When Saakashvili pushed through the border guards into Ukraine on Sunday, there were several Ukrainian politicians there to greet him. One was Yulia Tymoshenko, who also had been a ally of Poroshenko, and then turned against him. On Sunday, she said, “We’ve come to defend Mikheil, but we’re also here to defend Ukraine,” saying that she wanted Poroshenko to be ousted, just as Yanukovych had been ousted. BBC and AP and Deutsche Welle (11-Nov-2016)
- China rebuffs Russia over Georgia invasion. (29-Aug-2008)
- Russia continues to tighten its grip on a humiliated Georgia (14-Aug-2008)
- Russia and Georgia are in a ‘state of war’ (09-Aug-2008)
- Putin calls Georgia’s Ossetia policy a ‘stupid decision’ (19-Aug-2004)
- Georgian President lays out South Ossetia battle lines (24-Aug-2004)
KEYS: Generational Dynamics, Georgia, Ukraine, Mikhail Saakashvili, Petro Poroshenko, Yulia Tymoshenko, Rose Revolution, Ukraine, Orange Revolution, Eduard Shevardnadze, Russia, Vladimir Putin, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Crimea, Odessa
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