The world’s strongest earthquakes since 1900

BHAKTAPUR, NEPAL - JULY 29: A woman clears debris from her collapsed home on July 29, 2015 in Bhaktapur, Nepal. Three months after the earthquake that hit Nepal on April 25th, and with the arrival of the monsoon, clearing debris from damaged homes and demolishing damaged buildings has become a …

A magnitude-7.8 earthquake shook Ecuador’s central coast on Saturday. The country’s vice president called it the strongest to hit the country in decades. Here is a list of some of the world’s strongest earthquakes since 1900:

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May 22, 1960: A magnitude-9.5 earthquake in southern Chile and ensuing tsunami kill at least 1,716 people.

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March 28, 1964: A magnitude-9.2 quake in Prince William Sound, Alaska, kills 131 people, including 128 from a tsunami.

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Dec. 26, 2004: A magnitude-9.1 quake in Indonesia triggers an Indian Ocean tsunami, killing 230,000 people in a dozen countries.

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March 11, 2011: A magnitude-9.0 quake off the northeast coast of Japan triggers a tsunami, killing more than 18,000 people.

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Nov. 4, 1952: A magnitude-9.0 quake in Kamchatka in Russia’s Far East causes damage but no reported deaths despite setting off 9.1-meter (30-foot) waves in Hawaii.

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Feb. 27, 2010: A magnitude-8.8 quake shakes Chile, generating a tsunami and killing 524 people.

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Jan. 31, 1906: A magnitude-8.8 quake off the coast of Ecuador generates a tsunami that kills at least 500 people.

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Feb. 4, 1965: A magnitude-8.7 quake strikes Alaska’s Rat Islands, causing an 11-meter (35-foot) -high tsunami.

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March 28, 2005: A magnitude-8.6 quake in northern Sumatra in Indonesia kills about 1,300 people.

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Aug. 15, 1950: A magnitude-8.6 earthquake in Tibet kills at least 780 people.

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April 11, 2012: A magnitude-8.6 quake off the west coast of northern Sumatra in Indonesia triggers tsunami warnings in more than two dozen nations.

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March 9, 1957: A magnitude-8.6 quake strikes the Andreanof Islands in Alaska triggers a 16-meter (52-foot) -high tsunami.

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Sept. 12, 2007: A magnitude-8.5 quake near Sumatra in Indonesia kills at least 25 people.

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Feb. 1, 1938: A magnitude-8.5 quake in Banda Sea, Indonesia, generates a small tsunami.

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Feb. 3, 1923: A magnitude-8.5 quake in Kamchatka in Russia’s Far East triggers a tsunami.

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Nov. 11, 1922: A magnitude-8.5 quake along the Chile-Argentina border triggers a tsunami that causes damage along Chile’s coast.

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Oct. 13, 1963: A magnitude-8.5 quake in the Kuril Islands triggers a tsunami.

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Sept. 16, 2015: A magnitude-8.3 earthquake in Illapel, Chile, killing 14 people.

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Dec. 12, 1979: A magnitude-8.2 earthquake near the Ecuadorean port city of Tumaco. It triggered a tsunami.

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Recent major earthquakes:

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April 25, 2015: a magnitude-7.8 earthquake in Nepal, killing more than 8,000 people.

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March 2, 2016: A magnitude-7.8 earthquake strikes in the Indian Ocean, 800 kilometers (500 miles) southwest of Sumatra in Indonesia. Tsunami warnings were briefly issued for Indonesia and Australia.

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April 16, 2016: A magnitude-7.8 earthquake on Ecuador’s central coast near the town of Muisne.

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Source: U.S. Geological Survey

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